I found this list really useful and insightful. It is often tricky to remember to do or say certain things when your child is upset, but making mistakes a teachable moment and building resilience can only assist in the development of self awareness and self confidence.
We can’t stop the inevitable, but can we help our children become resilient little problem solvers? You bet.
Question 1. “What happened?”
Getting all the facts in a situation is the first step in being able to help your child work through a mistake. We can’t help if we don’t know what happened.
Facts are not feelings. Helping children learn the difference between the two is an important part of their ability to solve issues now and in the future.
“I messed up at Jenny’s birthday party and no one is going to invite me to another party ever again!” is not a fact. “Messing up” is one perspective of the actions that took place, and worrying about not receiving invitations to future parties is speculation coupled with fear.
Ask the right questions and build up a solid factual foundation
“What do you mean by ‘messed up’? Can you tell me what happened?”
“Did anyone say you’re never going to get an invitation again, or is that what you thinkwill happen?”
Dig through the information your child provides, and echo only the facts back to them. “So if I heard you correctly, you got mad and yelled at Spencer in front of everyone because he took the last cupcake. Is that what happened?”
Sometimes just stripping away everything but the facts helps reframe a stressful situation for an upset child.
Question 2: “How are you feeling?”
Now that the facts are out of your child’s head and onto the table, it’s time to find out what’s going on in the heart.
Good or bad, emotions are a vital part of the human experience. Shame, fear and worry are fairly common after an emotional fall, but some kids have an extra layer of anger or self-deprecation they have to wade through before arriving to those core emotions.
Younger kids might have a harder time identifying or naming feelings, so this can be a particularly strong teachable moment.
Have your younger child describe how they’re feeling as best they can (“It makes my tummy hurt. I don’t want to go to Jack’s house anymore!”) Then, along with the facts of the situation, help them define the emotion (“Are you worried about what Jack will think of you because you pushed him? I sometimes feel that way when I’m embarrassed, and it makes my tummy hurt, too.”)
You know your child best, so guide them through this step with the proper amount of time and care. Some children move through emotions quickly, while others linger in them for a while before being able to get to the other side.
Question 3: “What have you learned?”
This next question requires a bit of distance from the weight of overwhelming emotions. It can be hard to look at a situation objectively when you’re still clouded with those intense feelings.
When you do ask your child what was learned, be prepared that they might not see the bigger picture just yet. It can sometimes take a few hours, days or even weeks before a new perspective is born from the ashes of a bad experience.
Younger children might have a hard time sifting through the debris and finding the lessons, so offering a similar story from your own life can help. (“I had something like that happen when I was around your age, and what I learned was…”)
When kids realize there’s a teachable takeaway from every mistake, it adds a silver lining to an otherwise bad situation.
Question 4: “What can you change for next time?”
It’s time to put an action plan together.
All of us can feel pretty out of control after making a mistake and seeing the aftermath of our actions. Therefore, coming up with a solid plan to handle similar situations the next time can be very empowering.
“Instead of cheating on the test next time, I’ll make sure to study harder.”
“Instead of hitting Lily when I’m frustrated, I’ll come talk to you.”
Watch your child’s confidence grow. We all love it when a plan comes together.
Question 5: “So, how are you feeling NOW?”
Now that you’ve ironed out the facts, talked out the feelings, excavated the lessons and worked out a game plan for future situations, all that’s left to do is remind your child the sun will still come up tomorrow.
Chances are when you ask this question, things won’t be 100% better. But they’ll be getting better. Fast or slow, emotional improvement is what’s important.
Resilience is built up through life lessons like this one – and the many that will come after it. It’s not a perfect skill, but it does improve with practice.
At the end of the day, your little human is exactly that: a human. We are imperfect beings who make imperfect decisions from time to time.
But with the right amount of love and support, your child will generally come out the other side of his or her mistakes a little stronger and wiser than before.